AIDS Patient Zero – InfoBarrel

Louis. 

He led doctors to believe any of his sexual activities were strictly heterosexual, even claiming at one point to having a girlfriend (who failed to surface at the time).  [This female was found some time later and was found to be in perfect health, relative to HIV and AIDS, from which one can only surmise she and Rayford had no intimate sexual intercourse or such activities were rare enough she was not exposed to critical levels by whatever ailed him.]

Mr.

A strange disease lurked among the gay denizens and creepers of the bath houses, though.  Men began dying of pneumonia and other respiratory illnesses, but only after drastically losing weight and developing horrific skin lesions on their faces, necks, backs, and chests.  This disease became known in the gay community as “gay cancer”.  It was particularly volatile, and it progressed rapidly.  Dugas caught it early, possibly with his first encounter in the New York gay bathhouse on Halloween 1980.

This makes little sense. 

He wrote myriad articles on the subject and penned a stage play, “A Normal Heart”, that did well.  In May 2014, this stage play was brought to the small screen.  It was presented as a movie on HBO starring Jim Parsons (of “Big Bang Theory” TV fame).  The story documented the earliest days of the AIDS epidemic in America told from the perspective of the New York City/Fire Island cohort.  It is engaging: it is what TV can do (but usually fails to do except in rare cases like this one).

In 1979, before Dugas was infected, a bisexual German concert violinist, Herbert Heinrich, died.  In 1989, after testing of medical samples from his body, it was learned he was HIV-positive. 

Less Than Zero

The End of Days was seemingly at hand.

Dugas remained unrepentant.  He originally denied that whatever disease it was he had could be transmitted sexually.  His own words on the subject: “Of course I’m going to have sex.  Nobody’s proven to me that you can spread cancer.”  His depraved indifference to his sexual partners’ well-being was summarized with “It’s their duty to protect themselves.  They know what’s going on out there.  They’ve heard about this disease.”  The last element of his bitterness was voiced by his wish to take others with him: “I’ve got gay cancer.  I’m going to die and so are you.” 

First denying he was sick, he later willfully and maliciously spread the disease to unsuspecting partners.  After having casual sex in a darkened room once, a male interviewee later reported he had turned on a light in the room where Dugas lay naked on a bed.  This man spotted the lesions (Kaposi’s sarcoma) that were the classic earmarks of “gay cancer” on Dugas’ chest.  When he remarked upon it, Dugas replied sardonically, “It’s gay cancer.  Maybe you’ll get it.”

Certainly, the African-American teenager Robert Rayford (who had never been outside the city of his birth) was not Patient Zero, either – somebody had to give it to him in the first place.

Certainly it was not Gaëtan Dugas (though, like Typhoid Mary over half a century before him, many deaths could be placed squarely on his doorstep). 

Dugas may have personally, and directly, been responsible for dozens of AIDS cases (and no telling how many more indirectly), but he did not bring AIDS to the US, nor was he the first confirmed AIDS victim.  As noted, several California men and some Haitian immigrants were found later to have succumbed to the disease before Dugas.

Author’s note

Larry Kramer was actively and aggressively involved with what was then known as “gay cancer” in the early 1980s when the disease first made its poisonous presence visibly known in the United States as “gay cancer”. 

The dubious distinction of being America’s “Patient Zero” – the first documented and verifiable case of AIDS in the country – belongs not to Dugas but to a mildly mentally retarded black teenager named Robert Rayford (born ca. It existed as “slim disease”; the condition was universally ignored though many Africans died after mysteriously wasting away.  In 1959, about the time the Manhattan Jamaican shipping clerk died of his rare pneumonia, a blood sample from a Congolese man was taken and preserved.  Years later, this proved to be HIV-infected.  This Congolese man’s fate is unknown (whether he developed full-blown AIDS and died from it or not).  Similarly, a preserved lymph-node biopsy specimen taken from a Congolese woman in 1960 later proved to be HIV-positive.

The term “velvet rope” came into existence then – a red velvet rope (as one might see in a museum keeping patrons at a safe distance from a particularly priceless exhibit) became the literal and symbolic barrier between the plebes on the street and the hipsters within.  Each night crowds gathered outside Studio 54′s doors; admission was granted whimsically by a group of door men and many times by Steve Rubell himself. 

Update note:Dr. . . Doctors, helpless to find the cause of death for the Noe family, preserved some tissue samples.  In 1988, further testing showed Noe, his wife, and his daughter had all been HIV-positive

Running Dugas to ground, however, was pointless.  At the time, there were no criminal laws penalizing the willful spread of a known fatal disease (since then, law changes allow charges of attempted and pre-meditated murder to be brought in many states against anyone who is HIV-positive purposefully engaging in unprotected sexual intercourse with an unwitting partner).

The Greek letter “?” always refers to the end of an event or series, not its beginning.  Dugas was “Patient Zero”, not “Patient ?” – if the intent was to use such a Greek designation, he would have been named “Patient Alpha” (“?” or “?”)  for “the beginning”.  It is known that Dugas from the earliest investigations, based on diagrams the CDC (and others) created interlinking sexual contacts among those diagnosed with or dead from the mystery disease, was referred to from the start as Patient Zero (not Omega or “O”).

The disease it spawned was rechristened, in light of its indiscriminate virology, to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS.  That same year that 248 cases of the disease were reported, local health departments in conjunction with the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta began investigating.

Of the 248 cases known before the detection of the virus, interviewing led to the shocking revelation that at least 40 AIDS victims had one thing in common: all had either had sex with a certain male, blond, gregarious Air Canada flight attendant, or they had sex with someone who did.  This networking connection was made in 1984, and it was critical – it meant medical and public health officials investigating the source of AIDS might have finally gotten the breakthrough they needed. 

On October 31, 1980 – ominously enough, Halloween night – the French-Canadian gay male steward Gaëtan Dugas visited a gay bathhouse for the first time on a layover in New York City.

His first months in the hospital were spent with his doctors cutting back on his water and salt intake, and they wrapped and raised his legs, all to cut down on his tissue’s swelling.  Despite this, the inflammation moved up his body and into his lungs.  Antibiotics were tried in varying dosages, but Rayford’s condition continued to deteriorate. 

Dugas, meanwhile, knew he was sick.  He didn’t know exactly what was wrong, but he had developed the skin lesions, associated with “gay cancer”.  But one can’t spread cancer, of course, because cancer isn’t contagious.  He indiscriminately continued having sex with men as his whims overtook him.  His “advantage” was his mobility – as a flight attendant, he might be in any part of the US, Canada, or the world on a moment’s notice.  His bitterness about having gay cancer crossed over into his lackadaisical attitude about possibly harming others.

One such mystery concerned the AIDS epidemic in America.  As long as the killer remained comfortably within the gay community not much was done to investigate.  As soon as AIDS found its way into the heterosexual population, though, suddenly America’s interest in ferreting out the cause was paramount.  Panic stricken virologists and other epidemiologists worked feverishly to isolate the source of this sexually transmitted disease first endemic among homosexual men. 

The teen seemed stabilized by late 1968 (when he was around 15 years old).  He had been transferred to Deaconess Hospital by then, and in March 1969, however, all of his symptoms reappeared and rapidly worsened.  His breathing labored; his white blood cell count (as part of routine blood work) was noted to have dropped dramatically.  The only thing concurred at the time was that Rayford’s immune system had been somehow compromised.  He developed a fever and died either in the late hours of May 15, 1969, or the early hours of May 16 (sources differ).  His primary physician recalled, “Eventually his entire body constituted almost one wave of hard lumps and watery swellings.”

Gaëtan Dugas, the narcissistic and embittered flight attendant, alternately feeling morose and spiteful about his condition, was given the code name “Patient Zero”, the source of the AIDS epidemic in North America. 

By the 1950s, this homophobia was rampant, and in the conservative times of Eisenhower and McCarthyism, men were slowly pushed out of the steward jobs.

Almost any medical professional worth his or her license, whenever a patient dies of a strange ailment, takes the precaution of preserving tissue and blood samples for future research.  It is extremely fortunate that some doctors going all the way back to the late 1950s had been so far-sighted.  Working backward and re-examining suspicious or otherwise unresolved deaths from contagion globally proved enriching in piecing together the history of AIDS. 

False Positive

This good person also kindly corrected some of the misinformation about Rayford via a personal e-mail and was also kind enough to forward professional papers on the subject.  One such paper, in Lymphology from 1973, gives, perhaps, the best clinical synopsis of the case.  Another article, entitled Documentation of an AIDS Virus Infection in the United States in 1968 (by the same doctor and others), is also a “must read” for anyone interested in the earlier origins of AIDS in America. 

The music was disco, the dance beat adapted from gay men and their party scene.  The mock S&M dance moves, the sweaty bodies, the throb of the music, the drugs consumed, and the fact that not just anyone could get in heightened its allure.

He started out as a hairdresser.  Wanting to travel, this French-speaking Canadian learned that flight attendants for Air Canada had to be bi-lingual.  He moved to Vancouver and learned English to qualify for the job.  He found work as a flight attendant on Air Canada.  This career choice allowed him the freedom to move around the world, visiting exotic locales, and meeting many strange men for anonymous sexual encounters.  In 1977, he was legally married in Los Angeles, California, in an illegal attempt to gain United States citizenship.

Instead, about the only thing that can be said of HIV is that its “Ground Zero” location was almost certainly Central Africa.  

Dr. Memory Elvin Lewis

Dr.  

Because of the baffling nature of his case, doctors preserved several tissue and blood samples for later evaluation.  In 1987, eighteen years after his death, molecular biologists at New Orleans’ Tulane University tested specimens of Rayford’s preserved blood and tissues.  Their findings were stunning: a virus “closely related or identical to” HIV-1 was detected.  Further confirmation testing in 1989  proved Robert Rayford (African-American teenage male of St. . 1952-1953).

And the real Patient Zero – the HIV-Adam or HIV-Eve – lived and most likely died there, somewhere in the Congo, unknown and unrecognized for the catastrophic role he or she would play in human history. 

AIDS in the United States was isolated in pockets of contagion until the promiscuity (homosexual or otherwise) of the 1970s gave the disease a clear path of propagation in humans.  IV drug use, on the rise in the 1970s and early 1980s, also provided another avenue of blood-exchange necessary for the virus to thrive. 

Molecular research shows the AIDS epidemic of the 1980s stemmed from a viral strain that had entered the US via Haiti about 1966.  Other strains have been isolated as well.  As in cases like Robert Rayford’s, the disease died with him (though he probably infected others, those people likely did not have access to the sheer number of sexual partners that, for example, Gaëtan Dugas had, and died before spreading it much). 

For one gay man, however, being a steward was all he’d needed to satisfy both his wanderlust and his physical lust. 

By April of 1982, 248 cases of the disease were reported nationwide with many others too afraid or indifferent to see a doctor.  A virus was isolated in 1983 by French scientists (as Europeans were also recognizing and treating patients with “gay cancer”, many of whom were decidedly not gay). 

Grethe Rask was a Danish surgeon who had traveled to Zaire in 1972 to lend medical aid for the sick there.  She returned to Denmark in 1976 and became relentlessly ill.  Her symptoms confounded her colleagues.  She died in December 1977.  Several years later in 1984, it was confirmed through testing she was HIV-positive.  During her time in Zaire, it was known she was directly exposed to blood – it is believed this was the source of her infection.

Current scientific research is clear: sometime in the 1930s, a simian form of immunodeficiency virus mutated sufficiently and made the leap across species to become a contagious disease of people. 

A year earlier, a Portuguese man known only as Senhor José died under mysterious circumstances.  He was treated at the London Hospital for Tropical Diseases to no effect.  In later years, examination of preserved tissues verified he died of AIDS; the causative virus, HIV-2 was present, making him the first known confirmed victim.  Genetic research on the virus indicated he probably contracted the disease in 1966 in Guinea-Bissau (on the northwest coast of Africa).  Three gay men in California and six Haitian immigrants to the United States were later confirmed as AIDS victims from that same year.

Finally, in 1968, the boy was admitted to St.   The swelling in his legs was bothersome, his genitals and legs were covered in scrofulous skin, and his testicles were severely swollen.  He was also emaciated (having lost much weight suddenly), and even though he was an African-American male he was considered “pale”.  He also had shortness of breath.  His symptoms led his caregivers at Barnes Hospital to conclude that one of his problems was lymphedema (a swelling caused by lymphatic problems).  This was only a tiny part of his health issues, however.

Of a most enlightening nature was Rayford’s adamant refusal of any rectal exams.  It seemed that he may have been exposed to homosexual activity (assuming the submissive role in anal intercourse).  One of his attending physicians believed that he had been a victim of sexual abuse (a very likely scenario considering Rayford’s socio-economic background).  He could also have been “pimped out” against his will by someone who procured males to engage with him.  To date, this aspect of his life is unclear.

Tracing backward from Haiti (the source of the US strain in 1966) put the disease firmly in Central Africa. Memory Elvin-Lewis was kind enough to respond to this piece in person.

Gay and straight partiers alike finally found their Valhalla, however, in New York City in a crummy little club in the 1970s called Studio 54.  This rat hole was converted into a hot spot known all over the world.  Celebrities fell all over themselves to get in and be seen there.  Its allure was its faux air of exclusivity.  No club before or since carried the cachet of Studio 54.  Co-founded and owned by a cabaret-style, (almost a caricature) flamboyantly gay man, Steve Rubell, and a straight-laced heterosexual lawyer, this kitschy club defined hipsters in the Seventies. 

Occasionally, medical mysteries initially thought solved are found later to have very different truths at their cores.

There is an interesting correlation between homosexuality and the airline industry.  At least, there is a publicly perceived correlation as it pertains to airline flight attendants.

But, it doesn’t end there. 

In America, the results of further research led to the conclusion that Gaëtan Dugas had not been the true “Patient Zero” after all.

***

Gaëtan Dugas fit right in with the gay community of the bath houses.  He was blond, voluble, and open.  Sex for him was a series of anonymous engagements, many times conducted hastily in bathroom stalls.  He took on whatever he felt like.  As well as many other men, he was developing what would become known as “The Clone Look”: close-cropped hair, largish but well-groomed mustache, muscle shirts, short shorts.  [The quintessential version of "The Clone Look" would be Freddie Mercury (rock band Queen's lead vocalist who died of AIDS) after about 1981.] 

There is an apocryphal story that Patient Zero was really Patient “O” (as in the 15th letter of the English alphabet, first letter of the word “Omega” for the last letter of the Greek alphabet, ?).  Furthermore, it was alleged that a journalist misinterpreted the “O” (for “?”), and instead wrote up his report, referring to the AIDS’ source as “Patient 0″ ["zero"] instead.

Both his wife and daughter developed an illness that mimicked his symptoms, and they died in 1977. many cases of AIDS have been autopsied that we didn’t even know had AIDS.”

Gateway to the West

As early as his 13th year or sooner, he was sexually active.  Beginning in 1966, he started having some physical problems that seemed chronic.  His legs swelled, and he developed sores on his genitals and body. 

The airline industry developed glamour.  The titillation of a sexy stewardess in uniform, pandering to any business traveler’s ego, was priceless.  These were women without boundaries, women who went anywhere, anytime.  Therefore, they must be promiscuous.  The unspoken possibility of sex with a globe-trotting gal was also alluring.  Married women were aggressively discouraged from working as stewardesses.  The single women, all within a certain preferred range of body type, height, and attractiveness, were wanton women (in the minds of the average male of the day).  Although morbid obesity was not the problem in the 1940s it is today, there were no “big girls” on board.

In 1976, a Norwegian sailor, designated with the alias “Arvid Noe”, died; his wife and nine-year-old daughter died the next year of the same wasting disease.  In 1961, the 15-year-old Noe had sailed on his first voyage to Africa.  He worked a merchant vessel that plied along Africa’s west coast from mid-1961 to mid-1962; during this voyage he was treated for gonorrhea.  He sailed again to Africa in 1964, with a port of call in Kenya in eastern Africa.  In 1966, Noe started suffering from chronic joint pain and recurrent lung infections.  By 1968, he could no longer pass a physical to sail, so he worked as a long-haul truck driver. 

The hedonism of the 1970s raged unchecked, and by the middle of the decade “gay” culture became pop culture.  Gay male partiers in the mid 1970s found an outlet on New York’s Fire Island.  Gay men rented time-share space in houses on the island and partied their summers away “in season”. 

Rayford lived in a brownstone in a poor neighborhood in St. Memory Elvin-Lewis, thank you so much for not only your contributions to science but to my humble efforts at disseminating it for general readership.  I truly appreciate it.

“I’m Candy – Fly Me!”

The Road to Zero

Good investigative work requires dogged determination.  Running an enigma to ground can take years. 

Thus, by the late 1940s male flight attendants were not only undesirable, they were suspect as well.  Occupying a job with women that devoted itself to customer service, good manners, and fine grooming, the stewards garnered suspicions of being “queer”.

Air Canada

In conjunction with Studio 54, other bars for gay men to frequent thrived.  Another meeting place was the bath houses still found in many larger cities.  Once serving the utilitarian function for neighborhood residents to bathe (considering most homes up until the late 1920s did not have indoor plumbing) these quaint reminders of The Good Old Days were social gathering places for gay men.  They were prevalent in New York City and in San Francisco.  [Bette Midler, a great favorite among gay men, got her start singing in gay bath houses; her piano player in those days was songwriter/musician Barry Manilow).

Omega Man

The music scene was fueled by this gay celebration, none more blatantly than by a vocal group of disco hustlers calling themselves “The Village People”.  They dressed in favorite and stereotypical gay icon costumes – a policeman, a construction worker, a cowboy, a gay biker, and a Native American.  They were hugely successful for a short time with big sellers “In the Navy” and “YMCA”.  More subtly, Donna Summer performed her brand of dance music that was embraced by the gay community as was she.

The discrimination in the labor market meant the United States Supreme Court had to step in and force airlines to hire male flight attendants.  This happened in 1971 after nearly 20 years of female-dominated service.  Even then, the Court’s decision forcing US airlines to hire men was greeted with derision in the press.  It also raised homophobic fears of placing men in such a servile and sexualized role. Kramer was a writer in New York and a part of the gay culture.  He, however, decided that merely watching his friends die quietly wasn’t enough. 

Diverting conversations occurred between Rayford and his primary care givers when questioned about his sexual activities.  His doctors had not considered homosexuality initially, and all conversations, such as they were, seemed to be taken as referring to female sexual contacts.

AIDS now had a face.

As further incentive to not hire men as flight attendants, the death of a gay steward in 1954 became a scandal sufficiently great to lead to a rash of “fag bashings” (both gay men and lesbians were targeted) in Miami, Florida.  It was one of the nation’s worst anti-gay outbreaks in history. 

Meanwhile, as a symbolic sign of the coming Armageddon, Studio 54 was forced to close its doors for liquor license violations and tax evasion; entrepreneurs Steve Rubell and his business partner were sentenced to short terms of imprisonment.  [Rubell later died of AIDS.]

Before Robert Rayford in the US, there was a possible case found in a dead Jamaican native named Ardouin Antonio.  He came to the US in 1927.  He was working as a shipping clerk for a clothier when he died at age 49 on June 28, 1959, in Manhattan.  He had developed a very rare kind of pneumonia, seemingly out of the blue.  Decades later the doctor who had performed Antonio’s autopsy was asked to re-evaluate the case.  Did he think Antonio possibly died of AIDS?  “You bet . Louis, Missouri.  His mother’s name was Constance Rayford, and he had a brother named George.  Rayford was described as slender.  His retardation left him relatively uncommunicative from shyness. 

Noe’s condition stabilized, but then flared up again in 1975 (coincidentally the same year a strange disorder called “slim disease” was reported in Africa for the first time, the beginnings of epidemic AIDS).  In addition to the respiratory condition and joint pains he developed motor skill problems and dementia before he died. 

The commercial airlines recognized the goldmine presented by hiring female “stewardesses”.  Certainly, they were paid less.  There was also marketability in women that men did not have – women could be hawked by an airline as possible sex partners for the discriminating male traveler choosing its service over another.

He had a chlamydia infection (a bacterial venereal disease), clearly indicating he was sexually active.  His doctors also uncovered evidence of the herpes simplex virus and the virus responsible for Epstein-Barr.  Robert Rayford was not terribly forthcoming with his doctors, partly due to his retardation leaving him mostly uncommunicative, but also because he was embarrassed by something.

Ground Zero

The very first air flight attendants (in the 1920s) were men.  These positions were desirable; the men who did these jobs executed their duties more like up-scale, futuristic train porters and ship stewards than as menials.  As with many professions in that era (especially in service jobs such as telephone operators, bank tellers, et al) the sky porters known as “stewards” were exclusively male.  World War I saw the shift from male to female telephone operators and bank tellers; with a dearth of male workers during World War II, employers turned to the fairer sex to fill their employment needs in the airline industry, too. 

In his wake, one of the unfortunate legacies he left was a renewed homophobia relative to male flight attendants.  They became a lightning rod for America’s fear and anger over AIDS and its links with homosexuality.  “Patient Zero”, Gaëtan Dugas, was reviled; in death he was even accused of bringing HIV to North America and spreading it around the country.

Gaëtan Dugas died in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada, on March 30, 1984, at the age of 31.  His cause of death was kidney-failure brought on by his weakened condition from an onslaught of infections and ailments from AIDS.

Years later, once medical science, and particularly genetics testing, had reached a greater level of technological advance, a revision of the “Patient Zero” findings of 1984 seemed necessary.  What was learned by later research was both fascinating and horrific simultaneously.  It turned out, HIV had not only been in the world for over a century, but it had been in the United States as early as 1966. 

This doctor handled, and talked with (though reported as largely uncommunicative), Robert Rayford personally for a period during Rayford’s confinement, and also attended Rayford’s autopsy, confirming the KS diagnosis and noting the preservation of tissue samples that later were shown to carry the variant of the HIV-1 virus.

Gay men realized the danger.  Many made the intuitive leap early that perhaps certain activities, such as anal intercourse, might be transmitting the causative agent.  Others flatly refused to believe that their lifestyles might be endangering the health of themselves and of others.  They felt it was a perceived backlash against gay men.  Higher-profile gay men (many closeted during their lifetimes) and activists within the gay community began dying as well as underground sub-culture members (the “Crisco, leather, and fisting” set).

Anal scarring also indicated repeated sexual penetration.

Gaëtan Dugas was a French-Canadian born February 20, 1953.  His life was on a collision course with history.  In 1972, Dugas first became sexually active.  [He would later claim he had over 2,500 sexual partners in his lifetime, whether all male is unknown.  He may have been bisexual.] 

The direct lineage of HIV-1 was traced to two groups of mutations that formed in the primates that carried the simian version.  One of the groups was dated to between 1847 and 1907; another subgroup dated to between 1606 and 1871.  HIV-2 made the leap most likely between the date range of 1856 and 1922.  Thus, it can be seen some prototypical version of the AIDS virus can be dated to the early 17th century.

In the end one can see there is no modern-day “Patient Zero”.

Without a precise diagnosis, Rayford’s cause of death was attributed to the catch-all vagary “loss of vitality”.  Intractable fluid imbalance and lung disease were listed as contributors.  An autopsy revealed a surprise – his body carried a very rare cancer called Kaposi’s sarcoma internally (though he had but one external lesion on his right thigh).  [Today, this cancer and its lesions are bellwethers of AIDS.] 

Homophobia was so great by the late 1950s almost no airlines in the United States would hire men as flight attendants – even Eastern and Pan Am stopped hiring stewards.  Stewardesses, however, were very desirable.  They were marketed as young, beautiful, and sexually available–this was hardly an acceptable career choice for any he-man.  In the same way that the sexual orientation of male nurses was suspect, only “pansies” wanted to be stewards.

Concern for dying gay men was not paramount on America’s mind.  As more cases of the mysterious killer emerged, the name was changed from “gay cancer” to “gay-related immune deficiency” (GRID).  This, at least, was an open recognition that whatever was causing the disease was compromising a body’s immune system.  It didn’t explain, however, the rather esoteric choice of gay men (and soon discovered, IV drug users) by an unintelligent, non-sentient pathogen as victims.  It wasn’t until the first heterosexual cases of “gay cancer” emerged that the disease was examined more closely.

This virus, after much international wrangling for recognition of discovery (with a particularly aggressive and bombastic US virologist lobbying for a claim that he had found it first–he did not) was later named Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV. 

AIDS is what defined the decade of the 1980s, a decade that lived in fear beneath the penumbra of a certain and tortuous death from a highly communicable pathogen. Louis, Missouri) was the earliest confirmed victim of AIDS in North America.

From a front-line perspective

The criteria for entry were pure sadism: one night only women might be allowed in; other times, a sloppily dressed man might be sent away while another, looking exactly like that man but “famous”, would be let in.  Gay-themed parties were held there often, and casual sex in the bathrooms and the “exclusive” privacy lounge was common among attendees.. . It was so unusual at the time . Louis City Hospital, then transferred to Barnes Hospital (now Barnes-Jewish Hospital) in St. Somewhere, there was a Patient Zero, the epidemiological well-spring from which this plague spewed forth.

Dating America’s exposure to AIDS is irrelevant: AIDS is a global problem.  And continuing research has led to many more interesting facts about the spread of HIV.

He was admitted with multiple, and strange, symptoms (given his tender age)

How To Master Sports Betting

Hopefully this kind of thinking will keep you grounded. What is the point of drowning yourself in statistics and research for what you could just as easily decided with a flip of the coin? So you need to sift through it all and just take the morsels here and there which are really important and make a difference. Sports betting is an easy way to make a tough living. This means that when you place your bets you need to be thinking clearly and concisely. It could provide great insight as to predicting what will occur.. You will be better off for doing so in the long run.

Look for value bets. You don’t want to lose money just because you weren’t on top of your game.

The most important thing is that you need to take emotion out of the equation. Thus when you are doing well, you will still be focused and when you aren’t doing so well you won’t be thinking that it’s the end of the world. So if you suffer a bad break along the way, just remember it goes with the territory. So do yourself a favor and swear off them. You want to know who trained and who didn’t. Business is business and you need to be concentrating on who is going to win regardless of who likes and who doesn’t like which team.

Because of this point, it is probably better if you steer clear from any matches involving the teams that you like. You shouldn’t favor a team because they are the team your best friend supports. It is only going to place you in a difficult position and as much as you might think it won’t be, your decision making ability is going to be compromised. It’s all about accumulating winnings. Travel is a factor such as when East Coast sides travel to the West Coast and vice versa. On the flip side, you shouldn’t bet against a team because someone you don’t like roots for that team. It doesn’t matter if it is pretty or not.

Information and doing your homework is important, but you don’t want to full into the trap of information overload. Upsets are always going to happen but see when it makes the most sense when to go for that and when not to. For instance, if you are pretty certain that a side is going to win and they are getting good odds for this than take this. Anything less than this and it is going to be a disaster. You can’t let the highs and lows affect you too much.

In the case of team sports, injuries are important. Also look into how sides perform the week after doing certain travel. The weather conditions also make a difference as they do in horse racing. If you are going to do it you need to do it properly and master it, it means you are completely organized and focused. Over time, you will learn what it should be that you should be paying attention to.

Speaking of the long run, this is what you should be focused on

Top 5 Las Vegas casinos and most winning slots games part 1

But, the true allure of Las Vegas, is gaming.

If you love playing the slot machines, here are some winning results to remind you that hitting the big one can, and does happen. Even the accommodations in Las Vegas are overly opulent.

Checkout the slideshow pictures to see the “Top 5 Casinos.” (Travel Adviser)

Megabucks $1 $17.3 million 12/17/2012 M Resort

Wheel of Fortune $0.25 $273,884.78 10/27/2012 McCarran International Airport

Wheel of Fortune $1.00 $1,926,336.42 10/20/2012 Harrah’s

Wheel of Fortune $0.25 $795,551.20 10/20/2012 California

Wheel of Fortune $0.25 $225,081.10 8/4/2012 LVH – Las Vegas Hotel & Casino

Money Madness $710,196 1/27/2013 MGM Grand

Money Madness $602,950 1/4/2013 The Palazzo

Wheel of Fortune $1,264,173 1/4/2013 Flamingo

Money Madness $2,832,045 12/29/2012 Caesars Palace

Wheel of Fortune $249,703 12/21/2012 South Point

Check out Vegas.com for up to the minute jackpot totals and list of jackpot hits and locations. In Las Vegas, it’s go big or go home! The top five Las Vegas hotel casinos featured in the attached slideshow, lead the way in sophistication, style and excitement. The “Wheel of Fortune” slots may be the hottest slot machines in Vegas, followed by “Money Madness.” Game-on!

The list of winning slots games, prize winnings, dates and winning casinos.

Wheel of Fortune $0.25 $931,740.44 8/1/2012 Mandalay Bay

Wheel of Fortune $1.00 $1,112,650 7/4/2012 Wynn Las Vegas

Wheel of Fortune $1.00 $1,064,121.24 6/21/2012 Hard Rock Hotel & Casino

Money Madness $2,256,246.45 5/28/2012 The Orleans

Wheel of Fortune $0.25 $412,640.33 5/26/2012 Caesars Palace

You can work hard all of your life to amass a fortune. www.vegas.com/gaming/jackpots/

.

This city of excess, is truly one of a kind. The excitement of the casino floor, and the hopefulness of the divine possibility of striking it rich. Winning a fortune on a one-dollar slot machine is a pretty awesome notion, however slim the odds.

On your next visit to Las Vegas, you may want to checkout some of these hot slot games which really seem to be the ones to play, because of the winning history.

Wheel of Fortune $1.00 $1,224,958.16 5/1/2012 Rio All-Suite Hotel & Casino

Wheel of Fortune $1.00 $1,216,081.79 4/5/2012 The Venetian

Wheel of Fortune $1.00 $1,350,270.42 3/12/2012 Tropicana Laughlin

Wheel of Fortune $0.25 $361,025.76 3/12/2012 Bill’s Gamblin’ Hall & Saloon

Wheel of Fortune $0.25 $489,456.12 2/12/2012 Sam’s Town Hotel & Gambling Hall

Las Vegas offers entertainment, shopping, fine dining, and sightseeing attractions.

Top 5 Las Vegas casinos and most winning slots games

Zambio

In Las Vegas, the lights are brighter, the colors are bolder and the bets are bigger

How to Bet Proposition Bets at a Sportsbook by RJ Bell

For more information on how this works, be sure to check out How to Read the Money Line.

Furthermore, a tennis match would be considered a tournament-style head-to-head matchup since the competitors involved directly play against each other in the event. However, many sportsbooks also offer proposition bets (or props short) for gambling on non-team sports like golf, tennis, boxing and auto racing – including NASCAR – due to their growing popularity. So be aware of all your wagering options and don’t miss out on the excitement non-team sports have to offer with prop betting!

Betting sides and totals on major sports like baseball, basketball and football are the most common wagers available everywhere. Other examples of props for non-team sports include what racing team will finish highest in a particular NASCAR race (Chevy, Ford or Dodge) or how many rounds will the fight between Mike Tyson and Kevin McBride last (Over/Under 8.5 rounds). Since golf and NASCAR both have pre-qualifying, not everybody makes the cut to the final day of competition, and these group matchups require all individuals to qualify in order to be eligible for action. “Matchup Betting” generally involves an individual going up against another individual in a head-to-head event, such as a tennis match, and the odds are determined using the money line.

Before every major event in non-team sports like golf, tennis and auto racing, futures are set by oddsmakers. An artificial head-to-head matchup involves competitors in an event like a golf tournament or auto race who are indirectly competing against each other since in reality they are competing against everybody in the field, not just one other competitor.

It is very important to note that not all the competitors in an event may be listed, so another betting option is on the “field” which includes all other competitors not listed. Unlike team sports such as football, non-team sports also have multiple events over the course of a year, so “Betting to Win” obviously happens much more frequently than a once a year NFL futures bet on the Super Bowl winner does.

RJ Bell

©Pregame.com 2006

Website: http://www.Pregame.com

An example with team sports would be NFL futures, where you often can get much higher odds on a team by betting before the season starts.

What team will win the coin toss

Betting to Win

Proposition bets for non-team sports are not limited to “Betting to Win” an event and “Matchup Betting” but those are the primary ways to wager on them. These are not fixed and are adjusted by sportsbooks several times leading up to the event and are sometimes released months before an event. For example, betting on the 2006 Masters golf tournament now might get you much better value on Tiger Woods, who may be 10/1 at this moment but dip to 6/1 closer to the event if he is on a roll. For example, you can bet on:

As you can see, there’s much more to betting than simply totals and sides, especially when it comes to gambling on non-team sports. Open tennis tournament, a reasonable money line would require Serena bettors to risk $400 to win $100 while a $100 bet on her opponent would win $360. Props, also known as exotic wagers, are also extremely popular on high-profile team sporting events like the Super Bowl in Las Vegas .

The main advantage of futures is that you can get appealing odds by betting far in advance of when the event takes place. If her opponent pulls off the upset, $100 bet on the underdog would profit $360 (plus the return of the $100 risked). The Imperial Palace Casino’s sportsbook is well-known for the enormous number of prop bets offered.

Group matchups are another way “matchup betting” is used which is particularly popular in golf and auto racing events like NASCAR, where you can select whether a leading competitor or a few other lesser competitors will finisher higher amongst the group, with the odds again based on money lines. .

What player will score the game’s first touchdown

Every $400 bet on Serena nets a $100 profit if she wins (plus the return of the $400 risked). The two main ways of wagering on non-team sports are “Betting to Win” an event and “Matchup Betting” which pits an individual against another individual or a group of individuals. The same holds true for major team sports like NFL and college football, NBA and college basketball and MLB baseball. A NFL future bet on a team to win the Super Bowl might be 20/1 in the preseason; but by midseason, their odds might decrease to 10/1 if they turn out to be legitimate championship contenders. Matchup Betting

For example, if Serena Williams faced an overmatched opponent in the U.S.

Contributed by:

“Betting to Win” an outcome event like The Masters is the most common way to wager on individuals competing for a particular non-team title. These artificial matchups are also fake in the sense that bookmakers are the ones creating them – solely for betting purposes – and different books will often offer different matchups. The odds on a “field” bet are typically comparable to a bet on the favorite in order to protect sportsbooks from taking a big hit if a major upset occurs.

For non-team sports like golf, boxing, tennis and NASCAR, “Matchup Betting” offers an alternative to simply betting on the event’s winner. In exchange for a lesser payout, field bettors gain the advantages of having more than one entrant that can win for them.

What will be the exact margin of victory

Here’s how the money line would be listed: Serena Williams -400 / #102 Ranked Opponent +360

Tips to Betting on Sports, Play Poker & Play Casino Games

If you want to support us, be sure to use our links and bonus codes when signing up with different sportsbooks, poker rooms, casinos and other services. So why would you want to listen to us? We are a team of individuals who have lived and breathed the betting industry since 2001. We have played poker at all of the online sites. What is the best way to stay up to date with us?

Winning is always more fun that losing. Totals betting deals with the total amount of runs scored in a game.  Let’s dominate “the man” and take some money from these online sportsbooks, poker rooms and casinos!

We have made millions of dollars in our lives betting. There are many aspects to look into when considering betting on a Major League Baseba

Read More

Top 3 Betting Sites

About Betting Blogger

Sign up for our weekly email newsletter. One pick every day, no analysis, just a pick.

Social Media: Facebook Page | Twitter Account. That means when you click on them, and sign up, we get a small commission. This is #1. We have done and seen it all. Thanks for your support in keeping this site the best free resource about betting on the web.

Why Us?

Welcome to Betting Blogger where our goal is simple: TO HELP YOU KNOW HOW AND WHERE TO BET!

We strive to bring you nothing but the best tips, strategy, bonuses, promotions and free information from the world of “betting”. This is how we keep this website free and operating. This will happen EVERY WEEK and will contain the juicy information such as exclusive bonuses and tips.

If you like free picks, sign up for our daily free picks email. It’s simple.  Betting Blogger pulls this information together to create the ultimate betting resource site online.

We hope you enjoy Betting Blogger and continue to come back, day after day. We have bet at nearly every sportsbook. That’s 15 years of experience per person. These are meant to be fun yet informativ

Read More

Links found on Betting Blogger are affiliate links. We know who you can trust and who you can’t trust.

So that’s why you should follow Betting Blogger.  Online gambling and betting is becoming huge this day and age and information is spread all over the place. Totals allow bettors to wager on something besides the winner of the game. If you are participating in sports betting then it is even more important to have fun the good old-fashioned way by winning your bets. We have relationships with many of the key operators and can HELP YOU GET THE BEST DEALS at these sites as well.

Featured Posts

One of the favorite bets of avid Major League Baseball fans is totals. I am going to give you a few strategies to consider when you bet on sporting events

10 Steps You Can Take To Stop Gambling Today

Combat this with the previous 9 steps & a one on one coach, sponsor, or therapist. If needed, list them out. Inpatient Treatment is another.

STEP 4: SUBMIT YOURSELF TO A PROGRAM OF RECOVERY

What does this mean exactly? It means you must submit,commit, & trust in the program of recovery you choose. (Email the author at jason@livegamblefree.com for online communities you can join today). Gamblers Anonymous is one. Carrying recovery reading & phone numbers help. He’s overcome his own addiction to gambling & has helped many others do the same. Don’t know where to turn to for help? Email jason@livegamblefree.com

STEP 6: BAN YOURSELF FROM GAMBLING (ONLINE AND OFF)

If you go to a local casino, take a caring friend and ban yourself for life.

If you play online, contact the online casino and have your account closed permanently, & demand to be banned from their site. There are therapists, counselors, & life coaches out there trained to help you stop. Connect your gambling with the the negative consequences its brought into your life.

STEP 10: GET 1 ON 1 SUPPORT.

Stopping Gambling isn’t easy. Know what to do & who to call if a thought or urges to gamble hits you….(and unfortunately they will).

When you absolutely must stop gambling right now, here are 10 steps you can take today.

STEP 1: GET RID OF YOUR MONEY

If you want to stop gambling right now, the first step begins by stopping to carry money. You trust that the program will solve your gambling problem, as long as you never give up on it.

STEP 8: STAY HOPEFUL

Only those who never give up on themselves & their program of recovery beat gambling. This includes credit cards, debit cards, access to bank accounts, checks, loans, etc. In the moment, you’ll want a plan of action to take when the urge to gamble attempts to overwhelm you.

These 10 steps are an excellent start to stopping gambling today.

If you have any unanswered questions or need to be pointed in the right direction email jason@livegamblefree.com

STEP 7: REMIND YOURSELF WHY YOU’RE STOPPING, & FOR WHO.

Make a list of the people you love & love you back. -Author Unknown.

. Its best to find someone who’s been in your shoes, but hasn’t gambled in quite some time.

Make sure you like them, they have your best interest in mind, & truly do help you. He is an author, life coach, sponsor, & former GA chapter president, husband, & stepfather.

There is but one good throw upon the dice, which is, to throw them away.

By Jason Coleman, Certified Professional Life Coach

Average:

Your rating: None Average: 3 (3 votes)

To learn the secrets to stopping gambling now, & to get 1 on 1 coaching from Jason visit http://www.livegamblefree.com or email Jason at jason@livegamblefree.com

STEP 2: GET HELP TODAY

To overcome something as powerful as a gambling problem or addiction, we must get help from others.

Help is out there in many forms. Put up pictures of them & when you see it, remember that’s who you’re stopping for.

Recognize that if you gamble, you’re letting them down.

Remind yourself of all the bad things that have been caused by your obsession to gamble. There are 1000′s of people who once were severely addicted to gambling, haven’t gambled for months and even years. Have phone numbers listed for people to call who support you in your recovery. Know that there are 1000′s of recovering gamblers.

Author’s Bio: 

STEP 5: CARRY RESOURCES WITH YOU AT ALL TIMES

Get or print off pro gambling recovery literature & carry it with you at all times.

Read it daily, especially in first months. Call them ANYTIME you need to. (because it is the truth).

STEP 9: HAVE A PLAN IN PLACE FOR YOUR NEXT URGE

When your next urge comes, what will you do? You’ll need to know the answer to this. The only time casinos won’t let you gamble, is when you don’t have what they want……money.

STEP 3: JOIN A COMMUNITY OF RECOVERING GAMBLERS

Recovering in numbers is key. Carry only a very small budget for food each day and thats it.( absolutely no more than $5). Know that if they can do it, you can too. You make lifelong friends who will always understand and care.

This step can be done by attending Gamblers Anonymous, Celebrate Recovery, & finding online support and help. It may sound funny, but joining a group of fellow recovering gamblers gives you strength & power over your gambling. In the beginning the constant thoughts and urges to gamble can be intense. If you gamble online, get gamblock today.

Jason is a recovered compulsive gambler of over 5 years and a certified professional life coach. Good help seems to come from ex-gamblers themselves because they’ve been there, & they understand. A gambling problem is very strong, plays many tricks on on our minds, & tries to convince us of many lies. If you want to stop starting right now, block all access to money. You help yourself and others triumph over a common enemy

Negative Effects of Gambling

The addiction robs a gambler of all the productive time and leads to loss of efficiency at work. Due to lost mental peace, they may ill-treat their spouse and children. A recreational activity is supposed to be refreshing and relaxing, but something like gambling is contrary to the very purpose of recreation. Addiction to gambling, coupled with substance abuse can make the gamblers physically abusive towards their family. The National Council of Problem Gambling (NCPG) describes this type of gambling behavior as problem gambling.

? The stress from gambling may lead to health issues like ulcers, stomach problems, muscle pains, headaches, and problems with sleep.

? A majority of those addicted to gambling have substance abuse disorders.

? Gambling is practiced as a means of recreation. Thus, gambling can have a grave economic impact which is difficult to reverse.

? People who fall prey to gambling tend to remain away from their families and waste money on other bad practices. Because of this, they land in worse situations and take the wrong decisions in life.

? Similar to how an individual keeps consuming substances like drugs or alcohol to experience an altered mental state, he continues to gamble. The addiction leads people to continue with gambling irrespective of whether they earn or lose in the deal. This proves to be detrimental to their social and family life. The skill of a gambler lies in weighing the three parameters and making a decision about what amount should be staked and how much should be expected in return.

? Apart from absence at work and drop in efficiency, a common observation is that gamblers tend to steal money and engage in fraudulent behavior to recover from financial losses incurred when gambling, or to get more money to bet.

? Over time, the practice of gambling starts becoming a habit and begins to have damaging effects at psychological, physical, and social levels. The stress of risking huge amounts of money or the frustration after losing it can increase the tendency of abuse in gamblers. Some go that way to forget the sorrow of losing big sums when gambling.

? According to a research by NCPG, 76 percent of problem gamblers are likely to have a major depressive disorder.

Initially, one looks at gambling as a way to run away from life’s problems, or from stress, anger, and loneliness. On giving a serious consideration to the negative effects of gambling, we realize that it is best avoided.

Mental and physical health problems, financial issues, and conflicts in the family are among the common negative effects of gambling. The two go hand in hand. ? Gambling can lead to criminal activities. Thus, gambling practices cause a huge financial burden on the families of the affected and on the society at large.

You could be at gunpoint or holding the gun. Over time, it becomes a habit, and eventually an obsession that can’t be overcome. It soon becomes a habit that can’t be broken.

? Addiction to gambling has been linked with substance abuse. Some take to substance abuse to supplement the high they get from winning huge sums while gambling. Their mental state can even lead to suicidal tendencies.

Gambling refers to the betting of money on an event with an uncertain outcome, with the intent of winning additional wealth. The addiction has negative effects on one’s physical and mental health and it proves to be detrimental to one’s social, personal, and professional life. The addiction gets on to the gamblers to such an extent that they fail to think wisely before acting. It can drag you into crime, gambling isn’t fun.

? Studies show that children with a sibling or parent addicted to gambling, are more likely to take to substance abuse.

? According to a study by the George State University, 50% of the problem gamblers commit crime. They engage in gambling activities at the cost of their time with family and friends. It causes a decline in his/her work performance, thus hampering his career.

? Children of parents who are problem gamblers or gambling addicts tend to feel abandoned and angry, further increasing stress and leading to strained family relations.

? Problem gamblers and addicts tend to abuse their family members. Card games, coin tossing, and dice-based games are some non-casino based forms of gambling. The decision to gamble money is based on three parameters namely; how much to bet, the predictability of the event, and the conditions agreed upon, between the gamblers. They tend to stay away from their near ones, resulting in distrust between them and their loved ones.

Games offered in casinos, table games like poker, Red Dog, and Blackjack, as also electronic games like Slot Machine and Video Poker are some of the common types of gambling. It only leads to a thoughtless expenditure of money and valuables.

? Gamblers often exhibit mood swings and a strangely secretive behavior. The greed never ends and they keep betting more and more. Forget satisfaction or peace, it is not even refreshing in the real sense. A study by the same university suggested that 73% of the individuals who are imprisoned are found to be problem gamblers.

? An Austrian study said that around 1 in 5 suicidal patients had a gambling problem.

? Research has shown that gambling can lead to harmful behavior in people. The effect is similar to that of having a drug or a drink, which is why gambling changes one’s mental state and mood.

? They start borrowing money and take secret loans. Rehabilitating the gambling addicts needs money and time, and the process is not very easy. Six to eight million people in America are estimated to have a gambling problem.

? Substances of abuse are served at casinos and in pubs and clubs, thus increasing the likelihood of gamblers consuming them. Betting is a mentally taxing activity, and as one goes on risking more and more money, anxiety starts building.

? Gambling at the cost of one’s job results in a decline in the quality of his professional life. When they lose the money they had risked, they further gamble to recover the lost amount and it becomes a vicious circle even they can’t escape from.. Sports betting and arbitrage betting are the other types. In spite of the losses incurred, they continue betting. Their debt keeps building and it may reach an amount that exceeds their capacity to repay.

Gambling = Thoughtless Expenditure + Waste of Time

? Additionally, rehabilitation and public assistance systems are taxed.

? According to the University of New York, in people with alcohol use disorders, the chances of developing an addiction to gambling are 23 times higher.

? The addiction to gambling can leave one in bankruptcy. According to the National Research Council, 10 to 17% of the children of problem gamblers have been abused and so have 25 to 50% of the partners of problems gamblers.

? As gambling leads to increased criminal activities, in a way, gamblers add to the burden on prisons and the legal system.

Compulsive gambling leads to bankruptcy

? People continue gambling with the greed of winning money. To add to the so-called merry atmosphere, gamblers often smoke or drink while playing.

? Gambling has proven to be addictive. In the following sections of this Buzzle article, we discuss the negative effects of gambling on the individual and society.

? The costs of treating compulsive gamblers are huge

10 Steps You Can Take To Stop Gambling Today

A gambling problem is very strong, plays many tricks on on our minds, & tries to convince us of many lies. It may sound funny, but joining a group of fellow recovering gamblers gives you strength & power over your gambling. -Author Unknown.

STEP 5: CARRY RESOURCES WITH YOU AT ALL TIMES

Get or print off pro gambling recovery literature & carry it with you at all times.

Read it daily, especially in first months. Connect your gambling with the the negative consequences its brought into your life.

STEP 10: GET 1 ON 1 SUPPORT.

Stopping Gambling isn’t easy. Don’t know where to turn to for help? Email jason@livegamblefree.com

There is but one good throw upon the dice, which is, to throw them away. In the beginning the constant thoughts and urges to gamble can be intense. There are therapists, counselors, & life coaches out there trained to help you stop. Carrying recovery reading & phone numbers help. He’s overcome his own addiction to gambling & has helped many others do the same.

These 10 steps are an excellent start to stopping gambling today.

If you have any unanswered questions or need to be pointed in the right direction email jason@livegamblefree.com

Author’s Bio: 

STEP 4: SUBMIT YOURSELF TO A PROGRAM OF RECOVERY

What does this mean exactly? It means you must submit,commit, & trust in the program of recovery you choose. Have phone numbers listed for people to call who support you in your recovery. You trust that the program will solve your gambling problem, as long as you never give up on it.

STEP 2: GET HELP TODAY

To overcome something as powerful as a gambling problem or addiction, we must get help from others.

Help is out there in many forms. Gamblers Anonymous is one. (Email the author at jason@livegamblefree.com for online communities you can join today). Call them ANYTIME you need to. Inpatient Treatment is another. Combat this with the previous 9 steps & a one on one coach, sponsor, or therapist. Know what to do & who to call if a thought or urges to gamble hits you….(and unfortunately they will).

When you absolutely must stop gambling right now, here are 10 steps you can take today.

By Jason Coleman, Certified Professional Life Coach

Average:

Your rating: None Average: 3 (3 votes)

STEP 1: GET RID OF YOUR MONEY

If you want to stop gambling right now, the first step begins by stopping to carry money. You make lifelong friends who will always understand and care.

This step can be done by attending Gamblers Anonymous, Celebrate Recovery, & finding online support and help. (because it is the truth).

STEP 3: JOIN A COMMUNITY OF RECOVERING GAMBLERS

Recovering in numbers is key. Its best to find someone who’s been in your shoes, but hasn’t gambled in quite some time.

Make sure you like them, they have your best interest in mind, & truly do help you. If you gamble online, get gamblock today.

STEP 8: STAY HOPEFUL

Only those who never give up on themselves & their program of recovery beat gambling.

STEP 6: BAN YOURSELF FROM GAMBLING (ONLINE AND OFF)

If you go to a local casino, take a caring friend and ban yourself for life.

If you play online, contact the online casino and have your account closed permanently, & demand to be banned from their site. In the moment, you’ll want a plan of action to take when the urge to gamble attempts to overwhelm you.

To learn the secrets to stopping gambling now, & to get 1 on 1 coaching from Jason visit http://www.livegamblefree.com or email Jason at jason@livegamblefree.com

STEP 7: REMIND YOURSELF WHY YOU’RE STOPPING, & FOR WHO.

Make a list of the people you love & love you back. If needed, list them out. Know that if they can do it, you can too. This includes credit cards, debit cards, access to bank accounts, checks, loans, etc. Know that there are 1000′s of recovering gamblers. Good help seems to come from ex-gamblers themselves because they’ve been there, & they understand. He is an author, life coach, sponsor, & former GA chapter president, husband, & stepfather.. The only time casinos won’t let you gamble, is when you don’t have what they want……money.

STEP 9: HAVE A PLAN IN PLACE FOR YOUR NEXT URGE

When your next urge comes, what will you do? You’ll need to know the answer to this. If you want to stop starting right now, block all access to money. Put up pictures of them & when you see it, remember that’s who you’re stopping for.

Recognize that if you gamble, you’re letting them down.

Remind yourself of all the bad things that have been caused by your obsession to gamble. There are 1000′s of people who once were severely addicted to gambling, haven’t gambled for months and even years.

Jason is a recovered compulsive gambler of over 5 years and a certified professional life coach. Carry only a very small budget for food each day and thats it.( absolutely no more than $5). You help yourself and others triumph over a common enemy

How to Bet Proposition Bets at a Sportsbook by RJ Bell

The Imperial Palace Casino’s sportsbook is well-known for the enormous number of prop bets offered.

Contributed by:

What team will win the coin toss

As you can see, there’s much more to betting than simply totals and sides, especially when it comes to gambling on non-team sports. An artificial head-to-head matchup involves competitors in an event like a golf tournament or auto race who are indirectly competing against each other since in reality they are competing against everybody in the field, not just one other competitor.

Every $400 bet on Serena nets a $100 profit if she wins (plus the return of the $400 risked). Props, also known as exotic wagers, are also extremely popular on high-profile team sporting events like the Super Bowl in Las Vegas . In exchange for a lesser payout, field bettors gain the advantages of having more than one entrant that can win for them. The two main ways of wagering on non-team sports are “Betting to Win” an event and “Matchup Betting” which pits an individual against another individual or a group of individuals. If her opponent pulls off the upset, $100 bet on the underdog would profit $360 (plus the return of the $100 risked).

“Betting to Win” an outcome event like The Masters is the most common way to wager on individuals competing for a particular non-team title.

An example with team sports would be NFL futures, where you often can get much higher odds on a team by betting before the season starts. So be aware of all your wagering options and don’t miss out on the excitement non-team sports have to offer with prop betting!

Matchup Betting

Furthermore, a tennis match would be considered a tournament-style head-to-head matchup since the competitors involved directly play against each other in the event. For example, you can bet on:

Before every major event in non-team sports like golf, tennis and auto racing, futures are set by oddsmakers. What player will score the game’s first touchdown

What will be the exact margin of victory

RJ Bell

©Pregame.com 2006

Website: http://www.Pregame.com

For example, if Serena Williams faced an overmatched opponent in the U.S. These are not fixed and are adjusted by sportsbooks several times leading up to the event and are sometimes released months before an event.

Betting to Win

It is very important to note that not all the competitors in an event may be listed, so another betting option is on the “field” which includes all other competitors not listed. Open tennis tournament, a reasonable money line would require Serena bettors to risk $400 to win $100 while a $100 bet on her opponent would win $360. “Matchup Betting” generally involves an individual going up against another individual in a head-to-head event, such as a tennis match, and the odds are determined using the money line. For example, betting on the 2006 Masters golf tournament now might get you much better value on Tiger Woods, who may be 10/1 at this moment but dip to 6/1 closer to the event if he is on a roll.

For non-team sports like golf, boxing, tennis and NASCAR, “Matchup Betting” offers an alternative to simply betting on the event’s winner.

Proposition bets for non-team sports are not limited to “Betting to Win” an event and “Matchup Betting” but those are the primary ways to wager on them.

Here’s how the money line would be listed: Serena Williams -400 / #102 Ranked Opponent +360.

Group matchups are another way “matchup betting” is used which is particularly popular in golf and auto racing events like NASCAR, where you can select whether a leading competitor or a few other lesser competitors will finisher higher amongst the group, with the odds again based on money lines. Since golf and NASCAR both have pre-qualifying, not everybody makes the cut to the final day of competition, and these group matchups require all individuals to qualify in order to be eligible for action.

Betting sides and totals on major sports like baseball, basketball and football are the most common wagers available everywhere. The same holds true for major team sports like NFL and college football, NBA and college basketball and MLB baseball. A NFL future bet on a team to win the Super Bowl might be 20/1 in the preseason; but by midseason, their odds might decrease to 10/1 if they turn out to be legitimate championship contenders. For more information on how this works, be sure to check out How to Read the Money Line.

The main advantage of futures is that you can get appealing odds by betting far in advance of when the event takes place. These artificial matchups are also fake in the sense that bookmakers are the ones creating them – solely for betting purposes – and different books will often offer different matchups. Unlike team sports such as football, non-team sports also have multiple events over the course of a year, so “Betting to Win” obviously happens much more frequently than a once a year NFL futures bet on the Super Bowl winner does. However, many sportsbooks also offer proposition bets (or props short) for gambling on non-team sports like golf, tennis, boxing and auto racing – including NASCAR – due to their growing popularity. The odds on a “field” bet are typically comparable to a bet on the favorite in order to protect sportsbooks from taking a big hit if a major upset occurs. Other examples of props for non-team sports include what racing team will finish highest in a particular NASCAR race (Chevy, Ford or Dodge) or how many rounds will the fight between Mike Tyson and Kevin McBride last (Over/Under 8.5 rounds).

Gambling | Buzzle.com

The thrill in betting money and that excitement in the uncertainty of winning or losing it is addictive. How does gambling affect an individual? What are its effects on society? Read this Buzzle article to know about the negative impact of gambling.

Impact of Internet Gambling

So many of us are attracted to gambling online. With so many…

Internet Gambling Facts and Problems

What do you know about Internet gambling? Are you aware of the problems associated with it? Read on to know them and find some alarming facts about online gambling, in this article.

Reasons Why Gambling Should Be Illegal

Why gambling should be illegal

What are the adverse effects of gambling? How does it affect society? Should gambling be legal? We don’t think so and here we bring you an article that discusses the reasons why gambling should be illegal.. Some of us are addicted to the habit, without even knowing that.

Negative Effects of Gambling

Gambling is bad

Gambling is the act of betting money with the expectation of profits